Aikido is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs. Aikido is often translated as “the way of unifying (with) life energy” or as “the way of harmonious spirit.” Ueshiba’s goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while also protecting their attacker from injury.Aikido techniques consist of entering and turning movements that redirect the momentum of an opponent’s attack, and a throw or joint lock that terminates the technique.

Aikido derives mainly from the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, but began to diverge from it in the late 1920s, partly due to Ueshiba’s involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion. Ueshiba’s early students’ documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu.

Ueshiba’s senior students have different approaches to aikido, depending partly on when they studied with him. Today aikido is found all over the world in a number of styles, with broad ranges of interpretation and emphasis. However, they all share techniques formulated by Ueshiba and most have concern for the well-being of the attacker.

The word “aikido” is formed of three kanji:

  • 合 – ai – joining, unifying, combining, fit
  • 気 – ki – spirit, energy, mood, morale
  • 道 – dō – way, path

Aikido je Japanska borilačka veština formirana od strane Morihei Ueshiba kao simbioza njegovih učenja borilačkih veština, filozofije i verskih uverenja. Aikido je najčešće preveden kao “put ujedinjenja sa živitnom energijom” ili kao “put mirnog duha.” Ueshibin cilj je bio da kreira veštinu koju bi oni koji je uče mogli da primene da bi se odbranili a ujedno i ne povrediti napadača. Aikido technike se sastoje od pokreta koji preusmeravaju momentum napada, isto tako od bacanja i poluga kojim se završava tehnika.

Aikido se izdvojio najviše od borilačke veštine Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, ali je počeo svoj put definisanja drugog stila u kasnim 1920-tim, deleom zbog toga što je Ueshiba imao uverenja is Ōmoto-kyō religije. Ueshibini rani studenti pamte termin aiki-jūjutsu.

Ueshibini stariji studenti imaju drugačiji pristup aAikido-u, zavisno od perioda u kojem su učili od Ueshibe. Danas Aikido ima mnogo stilova i rasprostranjen je širom sveta. Sve u svemu, svi stilovi dele tehnike sa Ueshibinim formulacijama.

Reč “aikido” je sastavljena od tri kanji:

  • 合 – ai – ujedinjenje
  • 気 – ki – duh, energija, raspoloženje, moral
  • 道 – dō – put